In its Concluding Observations, the UN body recommends a range of measures to increase protection of civil and political rights in Norway, including protection of women and girls against violence, prevention of hate speech and crimes, strengthening of freedom of religion or belief, and protections for asylum seekers.
Other areas of concerns are hate speech and hate crimes, discrimination of persons of immigrant background, and ethnic profiling by the police.
The NGO Forum’s alternative report to the Committee, raised issues related to several other vulnerable groups, like persons deprived of their liberty and patients in mental health care institutions. As in its previous conclusions on Norway, the Committee recommends measures to reduce coercive measures in mental healthcare institutions, as well as to reduce rates of full exclusions, or isolation in custodial facilities. Norway is also asked to strengthen legal aid schemes to ensure that, “free legal aid is provided in all cases where the interests of justice so require”.
There are several recommendations on measures to strengthening the rights of indigenous people and national minorities against discrimination. Norway should “ensure meaningful consultation with the Sami people in practice and adopt a law for consultations with a view to obtaining free prior and informed consent of the Sami people…”
The NGO Forum’s report underlined that recent restrictions on asylum policies could lead to persons being returned to persecution, torture and even killings. The Human Rights Committee share this concern, and recommends Norway to “amend the Immigration Act to ensure greater protection of asylum seekers from refoulement and chain-refoulement, in accordance with international standards.”